Day 6: GS 1, GS 2, UP 1

GS 1


  1.  Analyze the socio-economic impacts of the French Revolution of 1789 on the subsequent European societies. Discuss how the French Revolution influenced the rise of nationalism. (200 words)

The French Revolution of 1789 was a watershed movement that changed had a profound effect on every aspect of humanity.

Socio-Economic Impacts:

Rise of Nationalism:

Despite the transformative impacts, the revolution also had unintended consequences. It resulted in decades of socio-political instability and conflict. The rise of nationalism led to wars, conquests, and subsequent backlash.

  1.  Contrast the theoretical underpinnings of Nazism and Fascism. How did these ideologies lead to human rights violations during the 20th century? (200 words)

Nazism and Fascism are rooted in authoritarian principles. Though they share some similarities but are distinct in the following manner:



Both the ideologies that led to grave Human Rights Violations during World War 2:

GS 2


  1.  Assess the role and independence of the judiciary in India and compare it with the judicial systems of United States and the United Kingdom. (200 words)

Judiciary plays a significant role in the democratic governance of India:

The Judiciary in India enjoys independence in its functioning. Judges are appointed through collegium system, and their tenure and salaries are constitutionally protected.

Comparison with US and UK Judicial system:

All three countries have independent judiciaries, with judges having security of tenure to protect from political pressures. The power of judicial review is common to India and the US. However, India’s judiciary has more extensive powers of judicial review due to its constitutional framework. The US has a more political appointment process for judges, while the UK has a transparent appointment process ensuring less political influence.

  1.  Discuss the collective and individual Parliamentary privileges in India. What are the various sources of Parliamentary Privileges in India? (200 words)

 Parliamentary privileges are special rights and immunities enjoyed by the two Houses of Parliament, their committees, and members to effectively discharge functions.

Collective Privileges:

Individual Privileges:

Sources of Parliamentary Privileges:

The privileges, although essential, have been contentious due to their potential misuse. Calls for codification and clarity on privileges have been voiced to prevent such issues.

UP 1


  1.  “The Bhakti literature of UP has impacted not only the state, but entire north India.” Discuss with examples.

The Bhakti movement in medieval India had UP as one of its major centers due to presence of Varanasi, Mathura etc. The literature of Surdas, Tulsidas, Kabirdas, Ravidas etc. impacted entire north India in different ways: –

Bhakti movement: The religious dimension cannot be overlooked. By rendering Ramayana in Awadhi, or describing Krishna’s doings in Brajabhasa and distilling wisdom of Upanishads in contemporary language and idiom, they strengthened the faith of people in religion.

  1.  What are the major factors contributing to the proliferation of slums in urban areas of Uttar Pradesh?

According to 2011 census, about 63 lakh people lived in slums in UP. The proliferation of slums in urban areas of Uttar Pradesh (UP) can be attributed to several major factors:

Addressing the proliferation of slums in urban areas of UP requires a comprehensive approach that focuses on affordable housing, urban planning, provision of basic services, and inclusive development. Efforts should be made to provide secure tenure, improve infrastructure, promote skill development, and ensure social and economic inclusion for slum dwellers.

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