Day 8: GS 1, GS 2, UP 1
- Salient features of Indian Society and culture.
The joint family system is often cited as a key feature of Indian society. Discuss its implications and changing dynamics in the context of urbanization and modernization. (200 words)
The joint family system, multiple generations living together under one roof, has long been regarded as a significant aspect of Indian social fabric. It involves sharing resources, responsibilities, and a sense of kinship.
- The joint family system has historically provided a strong support network, ensuring emotional bonding, financial assistance, and care for all family members.
- The pooling of resources within a joint family can lead to greater economic stability, as income is shared and expenses are divided among multiple earners. It helps weaker members too.
- The joint family system plays a significant role in the preservation of cultural values, customs, and traditions.
However, urbanization and modernization have brought about several changes in its dynamics:
- Urbanization has led to fragmented living arrangements, with family members residing in different cities or even countries. With the growth of urban areas and migration due to employment opportunities, there has been a rise in nuclear families.
- Modernization has emphasized individualism and personal aspirations, and younger generations prioritize personal freedom and autonomy over traditional obligations and duties.
- As gender roles within families change, women seek greater independence and decision-making power, challenging the patriarchal joint family system.
The advantages of independence, privacy, and individual aspirations often draw people towards nuclear family structures. While the joint family system persists in certain contexts, it is essential to recognize and adapt to the evolving dynamics of Indian society, where individuals increasingly prioritize individual autonomy, career aspirations, and personal fulfillment in the changing urban landscape.
Discuss the linguistic diversity of India and how it contributes to the richness of Indian culture. Also, examine the challenges it poses to national integration. (200 words)
India is known for its remarkable linguistic diversity, with over 1,600 languages spoken across the country. This contributes to the richness and vibrancy of Indian culture in several ways :
- Each language in India represents a unique cultural identity and heritage. They encompass diverse traditions, folklore, literature, music, and art forms.
- Languages often serve as markers of regional identity and pride. They foster a sense of belonging and solidarity within communities.
- Different languages act as conduits for the exchange of ideas, beliefs, and traditions, leading to the enrichment and evolution of Indian culture as a whole. Thus, ideas from Sanskrit are found across India, in different languages. Bhakti ideas flowed from South to North across linguistic barriers, transcending cultural contexts.
However, the linguistic diversity in India also poses challenges to national integration:
- Language barriers can hinder effective communication and understanding among people from different regions.
- Linguistic differences have sometimes fueled regionalism and separatist movements based on language identity, notably in Tamil Nadu and Punjab.
- Linguistic diversity necessitates the use of multiple languages in governance and administration, which can be administratively complex and resource-intensive.
Fortunately, all the languages of India, including Tamil, have borrowed a lot from Sanskrit language and this leads to a shared vocabulary, at least in the cultural context. The separatist tendencies are therefore muted due to the ability to convey emotions across languages, despite this diversity.
- Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary: Ministries and Departments of the Government, Pressure groups and formal/informal associations and their role in the Polity. Public Interest Litigation (PIL).
Discuss the evolution of Public Interest Litigation (PIL) in India. Analyze its effectiveness in the redressal of public grievances. (200 words)
The evolution of Public Interest Litigation (PIL) in India can be traced back to the 1970s when the Supreme Court of India expanded the scope of locus standi (the right to bring a case to court) to include public-spirited individuals and organizations. The key milestones in the evolution of PIL are:
- PIL gained momentum during the 1980s when the judiciary granted relief in cases concerning human rights violations, environmental protection, and social justice.
- The Courts relaxed the strict rules of locus standi, allowing any citizen or organization to file a PIL on behalf of the affected public.
- PIL played a crucial role in addressing issues such as bonded labor, child labor, environmental degradation, custodial torture, and the rights of marginalized communities like women, children, and the LGBTQ+
- PIL fostered judicial activism, wherein the judiciary, interpreted and expanded the scope of fundamental rights enshrined in the Constitution.
The effectiveness of PIL in redressing public grievances can be assessed through the following points:
- PIL has provided marginalized sections of society with a platform to seek justice and hold authorities accountable.
- PIL has contributed to significant systemic reforms in various areas, such as environmental protection, child rights, prison reforms, women’s rights, and electoral reforms
- PIL has its limitations, including potential misuse, delayed justice, and judicial overreach. There have been instances where PIL petitions have been filed for personal or vested interests.
PIL provided an avenue for the marginalized and disadvantaged to seek justice, leading to significant legal and policy reforms. However, its effectiveness relies on maintaining a balance between judicial activism and the rule of law.
Elucidate the checks and balances system between the Executive and Judiciary branches in the Indian constitutional framework. (125 words)
In the Indian constitutional framework, there exists a system of checks and balances between the Executive and Judiciary branches to ensure accountability and prevent the concentration of power.
- Judicial Review (Article 13, Article 32, Article 226) enables the Judiciary to examine the constitutional validity of laws and executive actions. It acts as a check on the Executive’s exercise of power.
- Writ Jurisdiction (Article 32, Article 226) gives authority to issue writs, including habeas corpus, mandamus, certiorari, prohibition, and quo warranto. These writs act as checks on the Executive’s actions.
- Appointment and Independence of Judiciary (Article 124, Article 217) ensures independence of the judiciary and prevents undue influence by the Executive.
- Impeachment of Judges (Article 124, Article 218) provides a check on the Judiciary, ensuring judicial accountability.
The constitutional framework aims to maintain the separation of powers, prevent the abuse of authority, and safeguard the fundamental rights of citizens.
- Political System of UP: Governance, Governor, Chief Minister, Council of Ministers, State Assembly and State Council, Center-State Relation.
- Public Service, Public Service Commission, Auditing, Advocate General, High Court and its jurisdiction in UP.
Analyze the decision-making process within the Council of Ministers in Uttar Pradesh. How does it contribute to effective governance in the state?(125 words)
The process of decision making in Council of Ministers in UP includes :-
- The decision-making process within the Council of Ministers in Uttar Pradesh involves extensive consultation and deliberation among the ministers, on inputs provided by officers.
- The Council of Ministers emphasizes collaboration and consensus building to ensure collective decision-making as it is collectively responsible(Art 164)
- The decision-making process ensures representation from different communities and regions of the state.
- The Council of Ministers engages in long-term visioning and planning to promote effective governance with a focus on sustainable development, infrastructure growth, and welfare initiatives, ensuring a holistic approach to governance.
This process contributes to effective governance in the state by ensuring informed and inclusive decision-making, fostering transparency and accountability, and promoting efficient implementation of policies and initiatives.
“The All India Services and state civil services complement each other in the administration of Uttar Pradesh.” Critically analyse. (125 words)
The All India Services and state civil services play crucial roles in the administration of Uttar Pradesh:
- All India Services, IAS, IPS and IFoS, bring with them a wealth of experience, diverse backgrounds, and specialized knowledge at policy level, enhancing the overall administrative capacity of the state.
- State civil services officers possess a deep understanding of the local context, culture, and regional challenges specific to Uttar Pradesh.
- While All India Services officers bring stability and consistency, state civil services officers provide institutional memory, ensuring a smooth transition of policies and projects across different governments.
- While All India Services officers uphold the principles of impartiality and neutrality, state civil services officers ensure the representation of state interests.
However, some challenges exist, including occasional conflicts over jurisdiction and decision-making authority, which need to be effectively addressed to ensure harmonious coordination between the two services.
Schedule of the program:
UPPCS Daily Answer Writing Program
Exam Date: 23rd– Sep 2023 Schedule for Daily Answer Writing
Start Date: 3rd– July 2023
Date Day Subject 1 Subject 2 Subject 3 3-Jul Monday GS-1 GS 2 UP 1 4-Jul Tuesday GS-3 GS-4 UP 2 5-Jul Wednesday Off 6-Jul Thursday GS-1 GS 2 UP 1 7-Jul Friday GS-3 GS-4 UP 2 8-Jul Saturday Essay/Hindi 9-Jul Sunday Off 10-Jul Monday GS-1 GS 2 UP 1 11-Jul Tuesday GS-3 GS-4 UP 2 12-Jul Wednesday Off 13-Jul Thursday GS-1 GS 2 UP 1 14-Jul Friday GS-3 GS-4 UP 2 15-Jul Saturday Essay/Hindi 16-Jul Sunday Off 17-Jul Monday GS-1 GS 2 UP 1 18-Jul Tuesday GS-3 GS-4 UP 2 19-Jul Wednesday Off 20-Jul Thursday GS-1 GS 2 UP 1 21-Jul Friday GS-3 GS-4 UP 2 22-Jul Saturday Essay/Hindi 23-Jul Sunday Off 24-Jul Monday GS-1 GS 2 UP 1 25-Jul Tuesday GS-3 GS-4 UP 2 26-Jul Wednesday Off 27-Jul Thursday GS-1 GS 2 UP 1 28-Jul Friday GS-3 GS-4 UP 2 29-Jul Saturday Essay/Hindi 30-Jul Sunday Off 31-Jul Monday GS-1 GS 2 UP 1 1-Aug Tuesday GS-3 GS-4 UP 2 2-Aug Wednesday Off 3-Aug Thursday GS-1 GS 2 UP 1 4-Aug Friday GS-3 GS-4 UP 2 5-Aug Saturday Essay/Hindi 6-Aug Sunday Off 7-Aug Monday GS-1 GS 2 UP 1 8-Aug Tuesday GS-3 GS-4 UP 2 9-Aug Wednesday Off 10-Aug Thursday GS-1 GS 2 UP 1 11-Aug Friday GS-3 GS-4 UP 2 12-Aug Saturday Essay/Hindi 13-Aug Sunday Off 14-Aug Monday GS-1 GS 2 UP 1 15-Aug Tuesday GS-3 GS-4 UP 2 16-Aug Wednesday Off 17-Aug Thursday GS-1 GS 2 UP 1 18-Aug Friday GS-3 GS-4 UP 2 19-Aug Saturday Essay/Hindi 20-Aug Sunday Off 21-Aug Monday GS-1 GS 2 UP 1 22-Aug Tuesday GS-3 GS-4 UP 2 23-Aug Wednesday Off 24-Aug Thursday GS-1 GS 2 UP 1 25-Aug Friday GS-3 GS-4 UP 2 26-Aug Saturday Essay/Hindi 27-Aug Sunday Off 28-Aug Monday GS-1 GS 2 UP 1 29-Aug Tuesday GS-3 GS-4 UP 2 30-Aug Wednesday Off 31-Aug Thursday GS-1 GS 2 UP 1 1-Sep Friday GS-3 GS-4 UP 2 2-Sep Saturday Essay/Hindi 3-Sep Sunday Off 4-Sep Monday GS-1 GS 2 UP 1 5-Sep Tuesday GS-3 GS-4 UP 2 6-Sep Wednesday Off 7-Sep Thursday GS-1 GS 2 UP 1 8-Sep Friday GS-3 GS-4 UP 2 9-Sep Saturday Essay/Hindi
Mode of delivery: Online on Oracle IAS’s LMS
- User id and password will be provided to each candidate.
- Repository of all the questions and answers will be available from Day 1.
How the Daily UPPCS Answer Writing Program will be conducted?
- Topics from different subject for revision will be posted on the our Whatsapp/Telegram group.
- Next Day 2 questions per subject will be uploaded. (Total 6 Questions per day)
- Model Answer will be uploaded thereafter.
- Candidates have to self-evaluate their answers.
In total you will have 65+ days of answer writing practice with specific types of questions and answers.
Fees/Cost of the program:
Program Includes: 65+ days Daily Answer Writing + UPPCS Mains Solved Paper Book (Click Here for Sample)
Total Cost of the program: 1500 (answer writing)+ 450 (PYQ book) =
Rs. 1950 /-–> Rs. 1499/-
WhatsApp 999 7453844 for enrollment in the UPPCS Mains Daily Answer Writing Program.
Sample of the Book